Shipping companies snub Russian Arctic route

By Atle Staalesen, The Independent Barents Observer - September 23, 2016
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According to figures from the Russian Northern Sea Route Administration (NSRA), transit shipping on the route by mid-September amounted to 208,500 tons of cargo. The figure was presented by Svyatoslav Stepchenkov, Head of the NSRA Shipping Department, in a conference this week, PortNews reports.

That is an increase from 2015, but still far below figures from 2012 when transit shipment reached 1.35 million tons.

A map of the Arctic showing the Northern Sea Route and other routes. (Susie Harder / Arctic Council)
A map of the Arctic showing the Northern Sea Route and other routes. (Susie Harder / Arctic Council)

In 2015, less than 40,000 tons of cargo was sent transit along the route. The Northern Sea Route officially stretches from the Novaya Zemlya to the Bering Strait and is promoted as a possible major international transport corridor for the future by Russian authorities.

Meanwhile, overall shipping to Russian Arctic ports remains approximately on the same level as in 2015. According to Stepchenkov, a total of 4.36 million tons of cargo has so far this year been shipped to and from ports in the area. In all of 2015, the volume amounted to 5.43 million tons.

By Sept. 16, the NSRA had issued a total of 636 sailing permissions on the route, among them 131 to foreign vessels. That is a downturn compared with 2015 when the number of permissions was 715, PortNews reports.

Russia has great ambitions for the Northern Sea Route.

According to Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolay Patrushev, shipping volumes along the route could increase many-fold to as much as 65 million tons already by year 2020. Ten years later, by 2030, the volumes could potentially grow to 80 million tons, a Northern Sea Route development plan reads.

In a comment to the Barents Observer, Sergey Balmasov from the Northern Sea Route Information Office explains the decline in the transit shipments with current trends in global economy.

“Shipping rates are low, the bunker fuel is cheap and there is a general decline in world economy and a shrinking demand in China,” he said in an email.

Balmasov does believe shipments on the NSR will bounce back, but says it could take several years.

“It is difficult to predict. But If round-the-year shipping becomes possible, then the situation could seriously change,” he says.

This story was first published at The Independent Barents Observer, and is republished here by permission.