Sweden, Finland and Turkey hold NATO talks, agree to more meetings

"We see that Turkey recognized that both Sweden and Finland have taken concrete steps in this agreement, which is a good sign."

By Reuters - March 9, 2023
A view of the flags of Finland, NATO and Sweden during a ceremony to mark Sweden’s and Finland’s application for membership in Brussels, Belgium on May 18, 2022. (Johanna Geron / Pool via Reuters / File Photo)

STOCKHOLM/ISTANBUL β€” Turkey has acknowledged that Sweden and Finland have taken concrete steps to meet Ankara’s concerns over their bids to join NATO and the three will hold further meetings, Sweden’s chief negotiator in the accession process said on Thursday.

Sweden and Finland applied last year to join NATO, but faced unexpected objections from Turkey which says the two countries harbor members of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), considered a terrorist group by Ankara and its Western allies.

“We see that Turkey recognized that both Sweden and Finland have taken concrete steps in this agreement, which is a good sign,” chief negotiator Oscar Stenstrom told a news conference at NATO headquarters after trilateral talks resumed.

“A little step forward, the talks have restarted and we have agreed that we will continue to meet and I can’t say exactly when.”

President Tayyip Erdogan’s spokesman, Ibrahim Kalin, said steps taken by Sweden and Finland to address Ankara’s security concerns were positive, but not enough for Turkey’s ratification of their NATO bid.

“We have once again highlighted Turkey’s security concerns and expectations,” he said. “The steps to be taken by the countries will determine the course and speed of this issue.”

In January, Turkey suspended talks set up as part of a trilateral deal agreed in Madrid last year aimed at smoothing Finland and Sweden’s accession process.

The immediate cause was a protest near the Turkish embassy in Stockholm at which a far-right politician burned a copy of the Muslim holy book, the Koran.

But Ankara has consistently said that Sweden in particular has failed to implement its part of the Madrid agreement.

Stenstrom said Sweden had fulfilled its part of the bargain. As part of its efforts to reassure Turkey it is taking its fears over militants seriously, the government will introduce an new anti-terrorism bill to parliament this week.

The new law, work on which started in 2017 after a truck was driven into crowds in Stockholm killing five people, would criminalise “participation in a terrorist organisation”, the government said.

Reporting by Niklas Pollard and Simon Johnson in Stockholm, and Ezgi Erkoyun in Istanbul.

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