A second high-level Arctic science meeting held earlier this year marked progress in international scientific cooperation in the region, according to the head of the leading Arctic science group, but more work remains to be done.
The eight Arctic nations, 15 other countries, the European Union and six Arctic Indigenous organizations signed a joint statement committing to work more closely together as a result of the Second Arctic Science Ministerial that took place in October in Berlin. The goal of the meeting was to scope out potential for supporting and enhancing Arctic science through increased cooperation, building on the work of the First Arctic Science Ministerial from 2016, which the statement said “boosted the significance and visibility of Arctic science” internationally.
Integrated approach to science
With the help of an integrated approach to Arctic science, “we can improve efficiencies, address societal needs, and address the consequences of change,” said Prof. Larry Hinzman, President of the International Arctic Science Committee, a non-governmental, international scientific organization that has as its mission to encourage and facilitate cooperation in all aspects of Arctic research.
Hinzman welcomed the “strong, unified, and cohesive statements with respect to processes that are, in some cases, occurring outside Arctic states’ borders,” that the statement conveys. “The prevailing attitude of the ministerial was that understanding the Arctic is in the best interests of all nations and all our peoples, but that it will require a collaborative effort and investments from many cooperating entities and agencies,” he told High North News.
“Importantly, the ministers through the ASM-2 Joint Statement put forward a unified approach with emphases upon collaboration, sharing of data, platforms, understanding, and resources. The magnitude of these challenges is too great for any single nation to tackle unilaterally or in competition with others,” Hinzman added. “We must approach Arctic challenges through partnerships, sharing the load and working collaboratively to understand the role of the Arctic in the global climate system.”
Hinzman also applauded the participants of the ministerial for choosing the right topics.
“The ministers and Indigenous groups are well-informed of the critical issues, the driving scientific processes, and the potential consequences associated with a changing Arctic,” he said. “There are a broad range of important topics explicitly described in the joint statement.”
“Creating the capabilities and establishing the understanding of Arctic processes called for in the joint statement will markedly advance our ability to predict global climate dynamics and help each nation better prepare for local and regional impacts.”
Continued efforts necessary
Hinzman also highlighted the need for continued efforts and spoke about areas where gaps remain.
“Although there is clear endorsement of the need to share research infrastructure and enhanced cooperation among space agencies, there was no explicit mention of the importance of maintaining critically important polar orbiting satellites essential for monitoring sea ice dynamics,” Hinzman. “The U.S.-based satellite passive microwave data record now provides 40 years of consistent sea ice area observations, but this record is at risk of not continuing.”
“The Arctic research community is very supportive of an increased, coordinated, and sustained effort to increase observations in the Arctic. We need an observing system funded by multiple nations and organizations to enhance and optimize the millions already invested in Arctic research and observations. Without an integrated view we cannot properly plan, or anticipate, the future,” Hinzman explained.
Hinzman also praised the format of the Second Arctic Science Ministerial with the Arctic Science Forum on the first day and the ministers’ meeting on the second. “All components of the ASM-2 emphasized coordinated international scientific cooperation and advancing understanding of Arctic changes. These were the concerns of the Arctic research community and were discussed in the Arctic Science Forum. Those concerns were reported to the ministers and are reflected in the joint statement,” Hinzman said.
“It was encouraging to see the unity in concern and appeal for collaboration among scientists and Indigenous groups during the science forum. It was gratifying to see that same unanimous desire for international collaboration among the ministers and it is very meaningful that all participating governments committed to promoting these principles by signing the joint statement,” Hinzman concluded.