OTTAWA — Canada finalized a deal to buy 88 F-35 fighter jets from U.S. defense company Lockheed Martin Corp on Monday in a C$19 billion ($14.2 billion) project to replace its aging fleet of fighter aircraft. The planes would also bolster Canada’s Arctic defenses.
Canada expects the first F-35s to be delivered in 2026 and for the fleet to be fully operational between 2032 and 2034, Defense Minister Anita Anand told a news conference.
The F-35 “is the most advanced fighter on the market and it is the right aircraft for our country,” Anand told reporters, adding the purchase and maintenance could contribute over C$425 million annually to the Canadian economy and close to 3,300 jobs annually. Anand said it was the largest investment in the Royal Canadian Air Force in 30 years.
The F-35 fighter announcement coincides with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s trip to Mexico on Monday for the North American leaders’ summit where he will meet U.S. President Joe Biden.
Ottawa has been trying for more than a decade to replace its fleet of Boeing Co CF-18 fighters, some of which are more than 40 years old. A switch in governments, rule changes for the aircraft procurement process, as well as challenges from the COVID-19 pandemic triggered delays.
The Trudeau government, which was initially against buying F-35s due to costs, held a competitive process to select the planes where Lockheed beat out Sweden’s SAAB and Boeing.
“This is a very necessary piece for the Canadian military to have — a fighter plane made in the 21st century,” said Stephen Saideman, a professor of international relations at Ottawa’s Carleton University and an defense expert.
The “long, very politicized struggle” to purchase the jets does not bode well for future procurement as the country seeks to scale up its Arctic defenses, and as North American Treaty Organization allies push Canada to increase its military spending, Saideman said.
The project includes cost of infrastructure set-up, weapons and other related expenses, in addition to the price of planes.
However, officials said the total cost over the lifecycle of the plane — with new jets now estimated to last until 2070 — is estimated to be C$70 billion.
Canada is part of a consortium that helped develop Lockheed Martin’s F-35 and Ottawa will pay the same amount for the aircraft as the other participants, including the United States.
This article has been fact-checked by Arctic Today and Polar Research and Policy Initiative, with the support of the EMIF managed by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.
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