STOCKHOLM — Sweden’s military said on Thursday it was ramping up its visible activities on the Baltic Sea island of Gotland amid increased tensions between NATO and Russia and a recent deployment of Russian landing craft in the Baltic.
Moscow has spooked the West by massing troops near Ukraine, sparking fears that it is considering invading. Moscow denies any such plans, saying it can deploy forces on its territory however it chooses.
Gotland, Sweden’s biggest island, is strategically important and lies around 330 kilometers (205 miles) from Kaliningrad, the headquarters of Russia’s Baltic Fleet. In 2019 Sweden deployed an updated ground-to-air missile defense system on the island.
Lieutenant General Michael Claesson, Chief of Joint Operations at the Armed Forces, told Reuters that from Thursday troops were patrolling the harbor and airport of Visby, Gotland’s main town.
Claesson said the armed forces were also taking action in other parts of Sweden in response to recent Russian moves but declined further comment.
In 2020, the country said it would re-establish a northern regiment in Arvidsjaur, and its military has been cooperating more closely with the militaries of neighboring Finland and Norway.
Sweden is not a NATO member but has close ties to the Atlantic alliance and has been beefing up its armed forces after decades of neglect amid increased anxiety over Russian saber-rattling in the Baltic Sea region.
Claesson said the Gotland move was triggered by Russian landing ships entering the Baltic Sea this week and followed years of deteriorating security conditions, including in Sweden’s immediate geographic vicinity.
“Recent security developments and tensions at security policy level have not changed that picture but rather reinforce it,” he said, adding that the armed forces had recently noted an expansion of foreign offensive capability near Sweden.
“… Russian landing ships are an example of such offensive capability,” he said. “They have passed through (Denmark’s) Great Belt strait and continued into the Baltic Sea.”
Sweden’s top military commander said last week that Sweden’s security strategy would be entirely undermined if NATO agreed to refrain from expanding further and to curb some of its activity in Europe, as Russia has demanded.
Additional reporting by Helena Soderpalm.