Slovak parliament approves NATO membership for Finland, Sweden

Only Hungary and Turkey remain to approve the expansion.

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A view of the flags of Finland, NATO and Sweden during a ceremony to mark Sweden’s and Finland’s application for membership in Brussels, Belgium on May 18, 2022. (Johanna Geron / Pool via Reuters)

Slovakia’s parliament on Tuesday ratified the entry of Finland and Sweden to NATO, becoming one of the last countries to back the military alliance’s expansion.

Finland and Sweden sought to join NATO this year in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

NATO’s 30 members have been ratifying their entry since accession protocols were signed in July. With Slovakia’s vote, only Hungary and Turkey remain to approve the expansion.

Turkey had been opposed, accusing the Nordic countries of imposing arms embargoes on Ankara and supporting groups it deems terrorists. But the three signed an accord to lift Ankara’s veto in exchange for counter-terrorism promises.

Turkey has said it will block the membership bids if pledges are not kept.

In the 150-seat parliament, 126 lawmakers supported Finland’s entry, and 124 voted in favor of Sweden’s membership bid.

Slovak Prime Minister Eduard Heger’s government has been a strong backer of Ukraine since war started in February. The country, which borders Ukraine, has also agreed to host a NATO battlegroup as the alliance bolsters its eastern flank.

Support among the public in Slovakia is shakier, with a poll in September showing a slight majority backing Russia over Ukraine in the war.

Sentiment favorable towards Moscow is also held by some opposition parties, including former Prime Minister Robert Fico’s Smer, and some local media outlets known for spreading disinformation.

Hungary’s parliament has the motion on Finland and Sweden’s NATO membership on its agenda, but no date is set as lawmakers return after a summer recess.

Russia says it sees the entry of Finland and Sweden as a destabilizing move.

Reporting by Robert Muller.